Sternberg’s “3 components necessary for Love” theory

Robert Sternberg (1986) proposed that love could be reduced to three essential components: passion, intimacy, and commitment.

  • Passion: The passion component consists of physiological arousal and a longing to be united with the other. Qualities linked with passion: butterflies in the stomach, heart rate increases, mutual gazing, sexual passion, and excitement.
  • Intimacy: The intimacy component includes feelings that promote a close bond with the other. These include a desire to promote the lover’s welfare, a feeling of happiness being with the other, mutual sharing, and emotional support. Qualities linked with intimacy: trust, caring, honesty, supportiveness, and forgiveness. For most people, intimacy is the central component of love.
  • Commitment: The decision/commitment component consists in the short term of a decision to love the other person and, in the long term, of a commitment to maintain that love. Qualities linked to commitment: loyalty, devotion, and sacrifice.

Source: Introduction to Social Psychology


1 Comment (+add yours?)

  1. sara
    Apr 29, 2012 @ 21:40:12



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